Passiflora incarnata

Passiflora_incarnata

Cécilia COURTINARD. (n.d.). La Passiflora. Retrieved from: http://coclo63.free.fr/botanique.html

Passiflora incarnata & Hymenoptera

Jackson, L. (2003). Passiflora incarnata/Purple Passionflower. Retrieved from: http://www.floridanature.org/species.asp?species=passiflora_incarnata

Botanical Name: Passiflora incarnata
Common name: Passionflower
Family: Passifloraceae
Parts used: Aerial Parts (Bone, 2003, p. 362)

Constituents:

  • Alkaloids (harman, harmaline, harmol, harmine, harmalol, passaflorine)
  • Flavonoids (apigenin, homoorientin, isovitexin, kemferol, luteolin, orientin, quercetin, rutin, saoibaretin, saponarin and vitexin.)

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 570)

 

Folklore/History: The name passionflower has been said to be derived from the plants similarity to the “crown of thorns” worn by Christ during the crucifixion (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 288)

Native Americas used passionflower topically for ringworm, swelling and sore eyes (Bone, 2003, p. 363)

 

Actions

  • Anxiolytic (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 288; Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Sedative (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 288; Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Spasmolytic (Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Hypnotic (Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Anodyne (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 570)
  • Nervine (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 570)
  • Hypotensive (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 570)

 

Indications (contemporary)

  • Anxiety with nervous restlessness (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 288)
  • Insomnia (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 288; Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Aphrodisiac (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 288)

Due to presence of a benzoflavone moiety, which has shown to increase the fertility and libido of male rats in vivo (Braun & Cohen, 2005, pp. 288-289).

  • Adjuvant therapy for opiate withdrawal (Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Nervous symptoms resulting in:
    • Menstrual disturbances
    • Nervous headache
    • Nervous tachycardia (Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Neuralgic pain (Bone, 2003, p. 362)
  • Generalized seizures, epilepsy (Bone, 2003, pp. 362-363)

 

Preparation & Dosage:

  • Tincture (1:5 in 40%): 1-4mL taken once in evening to induce sleep.
  • Infusion: 1 tsp/1 cup water. Infuse for 15mins. Take before sleep or twice a day for other conditions (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 570)

 

Cautions & Contradictions: Excessive doses may cause drowsiness (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 289)

 

Combinations: Combine with Valeriana officinalis for insomnia (Bone, 2003, p. 362)

 

Interactions:

  • May have additive effects when combined with benzodiazepines (combination could be beneficial under medical supervision) (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 289).
  • May cause additional CNS sedation when taken in combination with barbiturates (Braun & Cohen, 2005, p. 289).
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