Apium graveolens


Plantas Medicinales (n.d.). Apio (Apium graveolens, L). Plantas Medicinales. Retrieved from: http://www.iqb.es/cbasicas/farma/farma06/plantas/pa91.htm

Botanical Name: Apium graveolens
Common name: Celery seed (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)
Family: Apiaceae (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)
Parts used: Dried, ripe seed (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)



  • Volatile oil: Limonene, Selenene, a- and b-eudesmol and Santalol
  • Phthalides: 3-n-butylphthalide, lingustilide, Sedanolide and Sedanenolide
  • Furanocoumarines: Apigravin, Bergapten, Celerin, Isoimperatorin, Isopimpinellin, Umbelliferone and 8-hydroxy-5-methoxypsoralen
  • Flavonoids: Apiin, Apigenin and Isoquercitrin

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)



  • Antirheumatic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Diuretic
  • Carminative
  • Antispasmodic
  • Nervine
  • Urinary antiseptic (largely attributed to apiol content)

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)

  • Antimicrobial (De, Krishna & Baneriee, 1999, Abstract)



  • Rheumatism, Arthritis and gout (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis associated with mental depression (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)
  • Dysmenorrhea
    • A double blind, randomized controlled trial found celery seed extract (in combination) to significantly decrease pain associated with dysmenorrhea (Nahid, Farivorz, Ataolah & Solokian, 2009, Abstract)
  • Hypertension (in combination) (Natrual Standard, 2014)
  • Mosquito repellant (Natural Standard, 2014)


Preparation & Dosage:

  • Tincture: (1:5 in 60%) 1-4mL/tds
  • Infusion: 1-2 tsp/1 cup water/tds

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528)


Cautions & Contradictions:

  • Due to the presemce of furanocoumarines, photocontact dermatitis/photosensitivity reactions may occur from external use of celery stems (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 528; Deleo, 2004, Abstract)
  • Should be avoided in individuals with birch-pollen allergy (common) due to allergenic correlation to celery. Reactions range from contact dermatitis to anaphylactic shock (Natural Standard, 2014)



In an aforementioned study, herbal extract preparation of 500mg of celery seed, saffron and anise was found to reduced dysmenorrhea symptoms when taken three times a day (Nahid et al., 2009, Abstract)

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