Baptisia tinctoria

Wild Indigo (Baptisia tinctoria)

Botanical Name: Baptisia tinctoria
Common name: Wild indigo (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
Family: Fabaceae (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
Parts used: Root (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)


  • Isoflavenoids: Genistein & Biochanin A
  • Flavonoids
  • Alkaloids (Notably: cytosine)
  • Coumarins
  • Polysaccharides

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)



  • Antimicrobial (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
  • Anticatarrhal (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
  • Immunomodulator (Conquer, Costa, Culwell, Dao, Isaac, Giese, Kyomitmaitee Mintzer Ulbricht & Weissner, 2013)
  • Antibacterial (Conquer et al., 2013)
  • Antiviral (Conquer et al., 2013)
  • Anti-inflammatory (Conquer et al., 2013)



  • Treatment of infections and catarrh of ear, nose and throat. Specifically laryngitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and catarrh infections of the sinuses (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
  • Enlarged and inflamed lymph glands (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
  • Mouth conditions: ulcers, pyorrhoea and gingervitis (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
  • Fevers (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
  • Inflammation of the bowels where there is a tendency to typhoid conditions (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)
  • Ulcerative inflammation of any organ (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)


Preparation & Dosage

  • Mouth wash
  • Tincture: (1:5 in 60% alcohol) 1mL/tds
  • Decoction: 0.5-1.0tsp dried root/1 cup water/tds

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)



No side effects reported (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 533)



Infections: combine with Echinacea angustifolia and Commiphora myrrha

Lymphatic problems: combines with Galium aparine and Phytolacca decandra

(Hoffmann, 1990, p. 241)


Conquer, J., Costa, D., Culwell, S., Dao, J., Isaac, R., Giese, N., Kyomitmaitee, E., Mintzer, M., Ulbricht, C., & Weissner, W. (2013). Wild indigo (Baptisia tinctoria). Natural Standard Professional Monograph. Retrieved from:

Hoffmann, D. (2003). Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Rochester Vermont: Healing Arts Press.

Hoffmann, D. (1990). Holistic Herbal. London: Thorsons

Image: Flora Finder. (n.d.). Baptisia tinctora. Retrieved from:

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