Taraxacum officinale radix


Botanical Name: Taraxacum officinale radix
Common name: Dandelion (root) (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 587)
Family: Asteraceae (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 587)
Parts used: Root (Hoffmann, 2003, p. 587)



  • Sesquiterpene lactones: including taraxacoside
  • Diterpenes: Including taraxacin
  • Triterpenes: taraxasterol, arnidiol, faradiol and beta-amyrin
  • Sterols:stigmasterol, beta-terol, arnidiol, faradiol, beta-amyrin
  • Sterols: stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol
  • Carotenoids: lutein and violaxanthin
  • Xanthophylls
  • Flavonoids: apigenin and luteolin

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 587)



  • Cholegogue
  • Hepatic enzyme induction
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antioxidant

(Braun & Cohen, 2010, p. 376)

  • Antirheumatic
  • Laxative
  • Tonic
  • Bitter

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 587)


Indication (traditional)

  • Inflammation and congestion of liver and gallbladder
  • Congestive jaundice
  • Rheumatism
  • Dermatitis
  • Chronic gastritis

(Hoffmann, 2003, p. 588)


Indications (contemporary)

  • C grade evidience to support use of Taraxacum officinalis in:
  • Colitus
  • Hepatitis B
  • Sore throat

(Basch, Catapang, Giese, Guilford, Issac, Liu, Macwhorter, Martin, Rusie-Seamon, Sweeney, Tanguay-Colucci, Ulbricht, Vorta & Weissner, 2014)



Preparation & Dosage

  • Decoction: 2-8g tds
  • Tincture (1:5): 5-10mL tds
  • Fluid Extract (30%): 2-8mL tds
  • Juice of fresh root: 4-8mL tds

(Braun & Cohen, 2010, p. 377)



Individuals with bleeding disorders (Basch et al., 2014)



    • Known allergy (Basch et al., 2014)
    • Gall bladder disease (Braun & Cohen, 2010, p. 378



    • Antacids
    • May have a negative effect when anti-platelet/Anti-coagulation medications
    • Used in conjunction with Niacin, may cause gastrointestinal upset

(Basch et al., 2014)




Basch, E., Catapang, M., Giese, N., Guilford, J., Isaac, R., Liu, A., Macwhorter, K., Martin, M., Rusie-Seamon, E., Sweeney, E., Tanguay-Colucci, S., Ulbricht, C., Vorta, M., & Weissner, W. (2014). Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). Natural Standard Professional Monograph. Retrieved from: http://www.naturalstandard.com.ezproxy.think.edu.au/databases/herbssupplements/dandelion.asp?

Braun, L., and Cohen, M. (2010). Herbs & Natural Supplements: And Evidence Based Guild (2nd ed.). Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier.

Hoffmann, D. (2003). Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Vermont: Healing Arts Press.

Image: Köhler, F. (1897). Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen. Retrieved from: http://pharm1.pharmazie.uni-greifswald.de/allgemei/koehler/koeh-eng.htm

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